What You Should Know About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease, more often called gum disease, is a common dental problem affecting millions worldwide. This chronic inflammatory disease affects both the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth. Left untreated can cause tooth loss, bone damage, and other serious health issues. 

Here, we will discuss all you must know about periodontal disease, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options:

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Gum disease happens because of plaque buildup, a sticky film of bacteria that could form on both teeth and gums. If plaque is not thoroughly removed through daily brushing and flossing, it can soon harden into tartar, which a professional cleaning can remove. When tartar is left untreated, it can lead to gum inflammation and infection, which are the hallmarks of periodontal disease. 

Other factors that could possibly contribute to the development of periodontal disease include smoking, hormonal changes, certain medications, and genetic predisposition. People with diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and other systemic conditions are at higher risk of developing periodontal disease. 

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

The first stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis, characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Gingivitis is reversible with proper dental care, but if left untreated, it can soon progress to periodontitis, referring to a more severe form of gum disease. 

The symptoms of periodontitis include:

  • Receding gums
  • Pus between teeth and gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Painful chewing
  • Changes in the bite

If you see these symptoms, it is crucial to see a gum dentist or the best dentist in Watertown to evaluate your condition and determine the best treatment for you. 

Treatment of Periodontal Disease

The treatment of periodontal disease depends on how severe the condition is. In its early stages, gingivitis, professional dental cleaning, and improved oral hygiene might be enough to address the situation. 

However, more aggressive treatment may be necessary in more advanced cases of periodontitis. This may include either scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning procedure that effectively removes plaque and tartar below the gum line. In some cases, antibiotics or antimicrobial mouthwash may be prescribed to control the infection. 

In severe cases of periodontitis, periodontal surgery may be necessary to repair and regenerate damaged gum and bone tissue. This may include gum grafting, bone grafting, or guided tissue regeneration. 

Prevention of Periodontal Disease

Practicing good oral hygiene habits is still the best way to prevent periodontal disease. This includes properly brushing your teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste, flossing, and using mouthwash to kill bacteria. Regular dental checkups and cleanings are also necessary to remove both plaque and tartar from hard-to-reach areas. 

Other tips for preventing periodontal disease include:

  • Eating a healthy diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Avoiding sugary and starchy foods that can promote bacterial growth
  • Quitting smoking or using tobacco products
  • Managing stress, which can easily weaken the immune system and increase the risk of infection

Choosing the Best Dentist in Watertown for Periodontal Care

If you are experiencing periodontal disease symptoms, seeking treatment from a qualified dental professional is vital. Look for a gum dentist or the best dentist in Watertown with experience and expertise in diagnosing and treating periodontal disease. 

A good periodontist should offer various treatment options tailored to your needs and preferences. They should also provide compassionate care and support throughout the treatment process. 


Periodontal disease is a condition that should not be ignored, as it can lead to tooth loss and other health problems if left untreated. By practicing good oral hygiene habits and seeking timely treatment from a qualified dental professional, you can prevent or manage periodontal disease and maintain a healthy smile for life.

At Watertown Dentistry, our dental professionals take great pride in delivering top-notch patient care. Our services include preventive dentistry, periodontal treatment, and endodontics. Additionally, we offer cosmetic dentistry procedures such as ceramic bridge technology for bridgework, dentures, porcelain crowns, and veneers. Schedule your dental appointment with the best dentist in Watertown today!